Main content area

Effect of dietary dry matter intake on endogenous nitrogen flows in growing lambs

Gao, W., Gao, X., Chen, A., Zhang, F., Chen, D., Liu, C.
Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition 2017 v.101 no.5 pp. e383
average daily gain, body weight, cages, cannulas, digestibility, digestive tract, dry matter intake, duodenum, ileum, isotope dilution technique, lambs, leucine, males, nitrogen, rumen, stable isotopes
The effect of dietary dry matter intake (DMI) on endogenous nitrogen (N) flows at different part of the digestive tract of growing lambs was determined using a ¹⁵N isotope dilution technique. Three Kazakh male lambs (30 ± 2.75 kg of body weights and 4 months old, average daily gain 200 g/day) were fitted with ruminal, duodenal and ileal cannulae and raised in metabolic cage individually. The experiment was conducted in a 3 × 3 Latin square design with three lambs, three DMI levels (1100, 920 and 736 g/day respectively) and three periods. Each period lasted 18 days, consisting of 10 days for adaptation, 8 days for the continuous infusion of l‐[¹⁵N]leucine, during which the intestinal flow of N and ¹⁵N enrichment were determined. The total endogenous secretions in the forestomach (Sfₛ) were decreased (p = 0.0512) with increased level of DMI. On the contrary, endogenous nitrogen (EN) secretions into the small intestine (Sᵢ) increased (p = 0.0249) significantly with the high level of DMI (HI) group compared with that of low level of DMI (LI). Total absorption from forestomach was reduced (p = 0.0121) with increased level of DMI, whereas total absorption from small intestine for HI group increased (p = 0.0116) significantly compared with that of LI treatment. The real digestibility of N in the rumen accompanied with the increase in feed intake is decreased (p = 0.081). In contrast, there were no effects of DMI level on the computed real digestibility of N across both small intestine and whole tract. The results of this study indicate that the total flows of EN at duodenum may be unaffected by the level of DMI; however, the EN flow at ileal level increased from 12% to 37% with the increase in DMI level, corresponding to 33% of total N flow at ileum.