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Dietary linseed oil in the maternal diet affects immunoglobulins, tissue fatty acid composition and expression of lipid metabolism‐related genes in piglets
- Chen, X. L., Wang, N., Tian, M. L., Wang, L., Liu, T., Zhang, X. W., Shi, B. M., Shan, A. S.
- Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition 2017 v.101 no.5 pp. e257
- average daily gain, colostrum, diet, fatty acid composition, fatty-acid synthase, gene expression, genes, immunoglobulin A, immunoglobulin G, lactation, linseed oil, maternal nutrition, messenger RNA, milk, omega-3 fatty acids, piglets, polyunsaturated fatty acids, pregnancy, sows, soybean oil, tissues, weaning weight
- This experiment investigated the effects of supplementing the maternal diet with linseed oil (LSO) and soya bean oil (SBO) on immunoglobulins, the fatty acid composition and hepatic expression of lipid metabolism‐related genes in piglets. Multiparous sows (twenty‐four per diet) were fed on diets containing a supplement of either SBO or LSO during last week of gestation and lactation. The results indicated that supplementation of maternal diet with LSO could improve the weaning weight of piglets and average daily gain (ADG) (p < 0.05). The concentration of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin A (IgA) was enhanced in sow plasma, colostrum and milk by the addition of LSO (p < 0.05). In addition, the concentration of 18: 3n‐3 fatty acids was higher in the milk of LSO sows. Meanwhile, maternal supplementation with LSO increased the levels of plasma IgG, IgA and the tissues n‐3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) in piglets (p < 0.05). Correspondingly, the mRNA expression levels of hepatic ∆5‐desaturase (D5D) and ∆6‐desaturase (D6D) were higher, and fatty acid synthase (FAS) was lower in piglets from LSO‐fed sows when compared with that in the SBO group. In conclusion, LSO supplementation of the maternal diet increases immunoglobulins, modifies the fatty acid composition and affects the gene of D5D and D6D expression of piglets.