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Molecular and FISH analyses of a 53-kbp intact DNA fragment inserted by biolistics in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genome

Partier, A., Gay, G., Tassy, C., Beckert, M., Feuillet, C., Barret, P.
Plant cell reports 2017 v.36 no.10 pp. 1547-1559
Arabidopsis thaliana, DNA fragmentation, Triticum aestivum, bacterial artificial chromosomes, biochemical pathways, biolistics, engineering, fluorescence in situ hybridization, gene editing, genetic resistance, heritability, progeny, reporter genes, transgenic plants, wheat
KEY MESSAGE: A large, 53-kbp, intact DNA fragment was inserted into the wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genome. FISH analyses of individual transgenic events revealed multiple insertions of intact fragments. Transferring large intact DNA fragments containing clusters of resistance genes or complete metabolic pathways into the wheat genome remains a challenge. In a previous work, we showed that the use of dephosphorylated cassettes for wheat transformation enabled the production of simple integration patterns. Here, we used the same technology to produce a cassette containing a 44-kb Arabidopsis thaliana BAC, flanked by one selection gene and one reporter gene. This 53-kb linear cassette was integrated in the bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genome by biolistic transformation. Our results showed that transgenic plants harboring the entire cassette were generated. The inheritability of the cassette was demonstrated in the T1 and T2 generation. Surprisingly, FISH analysis performed on T1 progeny of independent events identified double genomic insertions of intact fragments in non-homoeologous positions. Inheritability of these double insertions was demonstrated by FISH analysis of the T1 generation. Relative conclusions that can be drawn from molecular or FISH analysis are discussed along with future prospects of the engineering of large fragments for wheat transformation or genome editing.