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A review of analytical methods measuring lipid oxidation status in foods: a challenging task

Barriuso, Blanca, Astiasarán, Iciar, Ansorena, Diana
European food research & technology 2013 v.236 no.1 pp. 1-15
Raman spectroscopy, chemiluminescence, chromatography, environmental factors, fluorescence, food analysis, foods, infrared spectroscopy, lipid peroxidation, lipids, oxidation, peroxide value, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances
Lipid oxidation analysis in food samples is a relevant topic since the compounds generated in the process are related to undesirable sensory and biological effects. Proper measurement of lipid oxidation remains a challenging task since the process is complex and depends on the type of lipid substrate, the oxidation agents and the environmental factors. A great variety of methodologies have been developed and implemented so far, for determining both primary and secondary oxidation products. Most common methods and classical procedures are described, including peroxide value, TBARS analysis and chromatography. Some other methodologies such as chemiluminescence, fluorescence emission, Raman spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy or magnetic resonance provide interesting and promising results. Therefore, attention should be paid to these alternative techniques in the area of food lipid oxidation analysis.