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Segregation distortion and genome-wide digenic interactions affect transmission of introgressed chromatin from wild cotton species

Chandnani, Rahul, Wang, Baohua, Draye, Xavier, Rainville, Lisa K., Auckland, Susan, Zhuang, Zhimin, Lubbers, Edward L., May, O. Lloyd, Chee, Peng W., Paterson, Andrew H.
Theoretical and applied genetics 2017 v.130 no.10 pp. 2219-2230
Gossypium hirsutum, alleles, allopolyploidy, chromatin, cotton, evolution, genetic improvement, genetic markers, genetic variation, introgression, loci, permeability, segregation distortion, tetraploidy
KEY MESSAGE: This study reports transmission genetics of chromosomal segments into Gossypium hirsutum from its most distant euploid relative, Gossypium mustelinum . Mutilocus interactions and structural rearrangements affect introgression and segregation of donor chromatin. Wild allotetraploid relatives of cotton are a rich source of genetic diversity that can be used in genetic improvement, but linkage drag and non-Mendelian transmission genetics are prevalent in interspecific crosses. These problems necessitate knowledge of transmission patterns of chromatin from wild donor species in cultivated recipient species. From an interspecific cross, Gossypium hirsutum × Gossypium mustelinum, we studied G. mustelinum (the most distant tetraploid relative of Upland cotton) allele retention in 35 BC₃F₁ plants and segregation patterns in BC₃F₂ populations totaling 3202 individuals, using 216 DNA marker loci. The average retention of donor alleles across BC₃F₁ plants was higher than expected and the average frequency of G. mustelinum alleles in BC₃F₂ segregating families was less than expected. Despite surprisingly high retention of G. mustelinum alleles in BC₃F₁, 46 genomic regions showed no introgression. Regions on chromosomes 3 and 15 lacking introgression were closely associated with possible small inversions previously reported. Nonlinear two-locus interactions are abundant among loci with single-locus segregation distortion, and among loci originating from one of the two subgenomes. Comparison of the present results with those of prior studies indicates different permeability of Upland cotton for donor chromatin from different allotetraploid relatives. Different contributions of subgenomes to two-locus interactions suggest different fates of subgenomes in the evolution of allotetraploid cottons. Transmission genetics of G. hirsutum × G. mustelinum crosses reveals allelic interactions, constraints on fixation and selection of donor alleles, and challenges with retention of introgressed chromatin for crop improvement.