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Detection and phylogenetic analysis of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae from Tibetan pigs in western China

Qiu, Gang, Rui, Yapei, Li, Kun, Huang, Shucheng, Han, Zhaoqing, Wang, Xiaoqiang, Jiang, Wenteng, Luo, Houqiang, Lan, Yanfang, Li, Jiakui
Tropical animal health and production 2017 v.49 no.7 pp. 1545-1551
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, Tibetan (swine breed), antibodies, blood serum, breeding, enzootic diseases, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, gel electrophoresis, herds, lungs, lymphocytes, nose, phylogeny, piglets, pneumonia, polymerase chain reaction, ribosomal RNA, sows, staining, China
Enzootic pneumonia (EP), often caused by Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, occurs in Tibetan pigs between October and December in Western China. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of M. hyopneumoniae in Tibetan pig herds and also the prevalence of infection. M. hyopneumoniae was detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and 16S rRNA sequencing. Twenty-nine inflammatory gross-lesions were observed in 155 lungs of slaughtered pigs. Invasion of focal lymphocytes was confirmed by paraffin sectioning and hematoxylin-eosin staining of lung sections. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from slaughtered Tibetan pigs and nasal swabs from others were assayed using PCR. The prevalence of M. hyopneumoniae in Tibetan pig herds (via ELISA) was 20.48% (93/454) in 3 provinces (Sichuan, Tibet autonomous region, and Qinghai) between October and December of 2014. The difference in prevalence among animals in six different growing stages was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Anti-M. hyopneumoniae antibody was detected in breeding sows (45.83%; 22/48) and piglets (50%; 3/6). PCR and gel electrophoresis of BALF showed that 6.45% (10/155) of pigs were positive for M. hyopneumoniae. The presence of M. hyopneumoniae in serum was higher in piglets and breeding sows than in any other group. In conclusion, the results of this study showed that M. hyopneumoniae is prevalent among Tibetan pigs between October and December in Western China. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first investigation of M. hyopneumoniae prevalence in Tibetan pigs of Western China using serological tests, PCR, and 16S rRNA sequencing.