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A metabolic study in hepatopancreas of Litopenaeus vannamei response to white spot syndrome virus

Wu, Hao, Zhang, Jianlong, He, Yongxing, Zhou, Junfang, Yan, Jizhou, Jiang, Min
International aquatic research 2017 v.9 no.3 pp. 195-201
Litopenaeus vannamei, White spot syndrome virus, farms, fatty acids, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, glucose, glycolysis, hepatopancreas, lactic acid, metabolic studies, metabolites, models, multivariate analysis, shrimp, shrimp culture, tricarboxylic acid cycle
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) cause great harm in shrimp aquaculture. To understand the impact of viral infection on the shrimp metabolism, we monitored the culture farms of Litopenaeus vannamei and collected the samples on different stages of WSSV infection. The hepatopancreas of shrimp were separated, and then used gas chromatography mass spectrometry to detect the metabolites. Through the mass spectrometric analysis combined with multivariate data analysis, including PCA and OPLS models, metabolism of the shrimp was significantly changed by WSSV infection. The data indicated that in the early stage of WSSV infection, the glycolysis changed significantly, the contents of glucose and lactate increased distinctly. The metabolites of TCA cycle did not show up obviously regularity. The organism of fatty acids showed the same situation with glycolysis. At the early stage of infection, 14 amino acids metabolism were up-regulated, and glycine still increased at later stage of infection and the concentration was increased twice. The data of this study may provide some information to further research of viral disease mechanism.