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The Potential Use of Vetiveria zizanioides for the Phytoremediation of Antimony, Arsenic and Their Co-Contamination

Mirza, Nosheen, Mubarak, Hussani, Chai, Li-Yuan, Yong, Wang, Khan, Muhammad Jamil, Khan, Qudrat Ullah, Hashmi, Muhammad Zaffar, Farooq, Umar, Sarwar, Rizwana, Yang, Zhi-Hui
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology 2017 v.99 no.4 pp. 511-517
Chrysopogon zizanioides, antimony, arsenic, bioaccumulation factor, ecological restoration, hydroponics, mining, phytoremediation, plant growth, roots, China
Antimony (Sb) and arsenic (As) contaminations are the well reported and alarming issues of various contaminated smelting and mining sites all over the world, especially in China. The present hydroponic study was to assess the capacity of Vetiveria zizanioides for Sb, As and their interactive accumulations. The novelty of the present research is this that the potential of V. zizanioides for Sb and As alone and their interactive accumulation are unaddressed. This is the first report about the interactive co-accumulation of Sb and As in V. zizanioides. Highest applied Sb and As contaminations significantly inhibited the plant growth. Applied Sb and As alone significantly increased their concentrations in the roots/shoot of V. zizanioides. While co-contamination of Sb and As steadily increased their concentrations, in the plant. The co-contamination of Sb and As revealed a positive correlation between the two, as they supplemented the uptake and accumulation of each other. The overall translocation (TF) and bioaccumulation factors (BF) of Sb in V. zizanioides, were 0.75 and 4. While the TF and BF of As in V. zizanioides, were 0.86 and 10. V. zizanioides proved as an effective choice for the phytoremediation and ecosystem restoration of Sb and As contaminated areas.