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Evaluation of the Leaching Potential of Anthranilamide Insecticides Through the Soil

Vela, Nuria, Pérez-Lucas, Gabriel, Navarro, María J., Garrido, Isabel, Fenoll, José, Navarro, Simón
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology 2017 v.99 no.4 pp. 465-469
Fluvisols, groundwater, half life, insecticides, leachates, leaching
The mobility of two relatively new antranilic diamide insecticides, cyanantraniliprole (CY) and cholantraniliprole (CH) in soil was examined, by means of disturbed columns loaded with a typical semiarid Mediterranean soil (Calcaric fluvisol) under laboratory conditions. Both insecticides appeared in leachates, with 52% of CY and 41% of CH of the initial mass added (1 µg g⁻¹) present. For CY, 21% and 19% were recovered from the upper and bottom layers of the soil, respectively, while for CH, 33% and 22% were recovered from the upper and bottom layers respectively. Based on the calculated half-lives (29 and 27 days for CY and CH, respectively) and their log K OC (about 2.5 for both), the calculated Groundwater Ubiquity Score (GUS) index was higher than 5 for both, indicating they have the potential to leach. Two transformation products, C₁₃H₉Cl₂N₂O (IN-ECD73) and C₁₉H₁₂BrClN₆O (IN-J9Z38) corresponding to the degradation of CH and CY, respectively were also identified and detected in leachates and soil.