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Evaluation of Iodine Bioavailability in Seaweed Using in Vitro Methods

Domínguez-González, M. Raquel, Chiocchetti, Gabriela M., Herbello-Hermelo, Paloma, Vélez, Dinoraz, Devesa, Vicenta, Bermejo-Barrera, Pilar
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2017 v.65 no.38 pp. 8435-8442
absorption, bioavailability, cell culture, commercialization, dialysis, digestion, ingestion, intestines, iodine, macroalgae, solubility
Due to the high levels of iodine present in seaweed, the ingestion of a large amount of this type of food can produce excessive intake of iodine. However, the food after ingestion undergoes different chemistry and physical processes that can modify the amount of iodine that reaches the systemic circulation (bioavailability). Studies on the bioavailability of iodine from food are scarce and indicate that the bioavailable amount is generally lower than ingested. Iodine in vitro bioavailability estimation from different commercialized seaweed has been studied using different in vitro approaches (solubility, dialyzability, and transport and uptake by intestinal cells). Results indicate that iodine is available after gastrointestinal digestion for absorption (bioaccessibility: 49–82%), kombu being the seaweed with the highest bioaccessibility. The incorporation of dialysis cell cultures to elucidate bioavailability modifies the estimation of the amount of iodine that may reach the systemic circulation (dialysis, 5–28%; cell culture, ≤3%). The paper discusses advantages and drawbacks of these methodologies for iodine bioavailability in seaweed.