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Characterization of the Key Aroma Compounds in Five Varieties of Mandarins by Gas Chromatography–Olfactometry, Odor Activity Values, Aroma Recombination, and Omission Analysis

Xiao, Zuobing, Wu, Quyang, Niu, Yunwei, Wu, Minling, Zhu, Jiancai, Zhou, Xuan, Chen, Xiaomei, Wang, Hongling, Li, Jing, Kong, Jiali
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2017 v.65 no.38 pp. 8392-8401
aldehydes, beta-ionone, butyrates, gamma-terpinene, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, least squares, linalool, mandarin juice, mandarins, odor compounds, odors, sensory evaluation
In this study, volatile compounds of five varieties of mandarin juices [Tankan, Miyagawa, Mashui (MS), Skiranui, and Ponkan (PG)] were investigated by gas chromatography–olfactometry (GC–O) and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). A total of 47 volatile compounds were identified by GC–MS. Partial least-squares regression was used to process the mean scores from sensory evaluation by panelists of volatile compounds and samples. The sample PG was associated with “fruity”, “floral”, and “sweet” notes, while MS was correlated with “green” and “peely” notes. In addition, 36 aroma-active compounds, including esters, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, and monoterpenes, were detected by GC–O. According to the quantitative results, 29 aroma compounds were important, which indicated that their odor activity values (OAVs) were ≥1. On the basis of the GC–O results and OAVs of these volatile compounds, 22 odor-active compounds were mixed to simulate successfully the overall aroma of PG mandarin juice. Furthermore, omission experiments confirmed that nonanal, hexanal, linalool, and (R)-(+)-limonene were the key odorants for the overall aroma of PG juice sample and that β-ionone, decanal, γ-terpinene, and methyl butyrate were also important odor-active compounds.