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A Bicriteria Optimisation Approach for Waste Management of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers Used in Aerospace Applications: Application to the Case Study of France
- Dong, Phuong Anh Vo, Azzaro-Pantel, Catherine, Boix, Marianne, Jacquemin, Leslie, Cadène, Anne-Laure
- Waste and biomass valorization 2017 v.8 no.6 pp. 2187-2208
- aircraft, carbon fibers, case studies, environmental impact, global warming potential, industry, inventories, nonrenewable resources, polymers, transportation, waste disposal, wastes, France
- The increased use of carbon fibre reinforced polymers (CFRP) has raised the environmental concerns on waste disposal and consumption of non-renewable resources as well as economic awareness for the need to recycle CFRP wastes stemming from aircraft. This study develops an optimisation approach of CFRP waste management with the simultaneous objective of minimising cost and global warming potential impacts along the the entire network. Various CFRP waste types are involved with multiple available techniques of fibre/no-fibre recovery techniques. The scenarios that are investigated are based on the current situation in France. The large inventory of the existing sites concerning aerospace CFRP industry is carried out to predict the waste quantity that is likely to be generated in the future. The objective is to develop waste allocation strategies, which are both good for economic and environmental aspects. The results obtained show that the economic interest and the environmental effect are conflicting. Transportation turns out to be an important factor of waste management.