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Digested bioenergy byproduct with low concentration of nutrients increased greenhouse gas emissions from soil

Canisares, Lucas Pecci, Carmo, Janaína Braga do, Pitombo, Leonardo Machado, Pires, Eduardo Cleto
Geoderma 2017 v.307 pp. 81-90
bioenergy, biomass, byproducts, carbon, carbon dioxide, fertilizers, filtration, greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gases, methane, models, nitrogen, nitrous oxide, nutrients, soil, urea, vinasse
This research measured greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from well-drained soil after using two forms of vinasse (in natura and digested) as fertilizer and the interaction of both with urea. Although carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) content in digested vinasse was two times less than in the normal vinasse (part of the N was lost during filtration and used by cellular synthesis of reactor biomass), N2O emissions were four-fold higher in the treatment with digested vinasse plus urea (302.8mgN-N2Om−2) than in the treatment with normal vinasse amended with urea (70.9mgN-N2Om−2). Differently from all the other treatments, digested vinasse alone resulted in positive emissions of CH4. CO2 emissions follow vinasse in natura>vinasse in natura+urea>digested vinasse+urea>urea>control>digested vinasse, contradicting again the paradigm of C availability and N2O emissions. Many efforts have been made to describe models with an input of nutrients, their availability and N2O release. It can be concluded that the amount of nutrients is not sufficient and microbiological factors may contribute to improve GHG emission estimates.