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Heavy metal bioaccumulation in mangrove ecosystem at the coral triangle ecoregion, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia

Analuddin, Kangkuso, Sharma, Sahadev, Jamili,, Septiana, Andi, Sahidin, Idin, Rianse, Usman, Nadaoka, Kazuo
Marine pollution bulletin 2017 v.125 no.1-2 pp. 472-480
Bruguiera gymnorhiza, Bruguiera parviflora, Ceriops tagal, Lumnitzera racemosa, Rhizophora apiculata, Sonneratia alba, Xylocarpus, atomic absorption spectrometry, bioaccumulation factor, biofilters, cadmium, coasts, copper, corals, ecoregions, ecosystems, heavy metals, lead, mangroves, mercury, tissues, water pollution, zinc, Indonesia
This study aimed to determine the role of mangroves as a biofilter of heavy metals. The concentrations of heavy metals, namely copper, mercury, cadmium, zinc, and lead, in the mangroves Rhizophora apiculata, Ceriops tagal, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Lumnitzera racemosa, Xylocarpus granatum, Sonneratia alba, and Bruguiera parviflora at RAWN Park were determined using a Flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. High concentrations of Cu (83.85μgg−1) and Hg (0.52μgg−1) were found in the tissues of L. racemosa, while high concentrations of Cd (10.81μgg−1), Zn (70.41μgg−1), and Pb (1.36μgg−1) were found in the tissues of B. gymnorrhiza, B. parviflora and C. tagal, respectively. The translocation and bioaccumulation factors of heavy metals by mangroves showed a variety of trends, which indicated the different partitioning and uptake capability of heavy metals in the tissues of various mangrove species. Thus, maintaining high diversity of mangroves is crucial to ensure the health and productivity of coastal zones.