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Sulfated modification and anticoagulant activity of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo, Lady godiva) polysaccharide

Liang, Li, Ao, Le, Ma, Tao, Ni, Yuanying, Liao, Xiaojun, Hu, Xiaosong, Song, Yi
International journal of biological macromolecules 2017
Cucurbita pepo, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, anticoagulant activity, catalysts, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, polysaccharides, prothrombin, pumpkins, pyridines, sulfates, thrombin, thrombosis
Sulfated modification of pumpkin polysaccharide using CAS with pyridines as catalysts under different conditions was conducted to obtain different degrees of sulfation on a laboratory scale. Anticoagulant activities of pumpkin polysaccharide and its sulfated derivatives were also investigated employing various established in vitro systems. Results showed that addition of high ratio of CAS/pyridine under constant conditions could increase the degree of substitution. Sulfate substitution was further confirmed by the FT-IR and 13C NMR analysis. The df values between 2.11 to 2.73 indicated the relatively expanded conformation of the sulfated derivatives. The sulfated polysaccharides showed higher anticoagulant activities through activated partial thrombosis time (aPTT), thrombin time (TT), prothrombin time (PT) and anti-Xa activity assay, which revealed that better anticoagulant activities could be obtained when DS remained higher and Mw maintained in a moderate range.