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Effect of pulsed electric field and polarity reversal on peptide/amino acid migration, selectivity and fouling mitigation

Suwal, Shyam, Amiot, Jean, Beaulieu, Lucie, Bazinet, Laurent
Journal of membrane science 2016 v.510 pp. 405-416
amino acids, dissociation, electric field, electric power, electrodialysis, energy, fouling, fractionation, ion-exchange membranes, physicochemical properties, protective effect, pulsed electric fields
The deterioration of ion-exchange membrane (IEM) properties due to fouling and dissociation of water molecules at membrane-solution interface is considered to be an important limiting factor in electrodialysis (ED) separation processes such as ED with filtration membrane (EDFM). Non-stationary regimes such as pulsed electric field (PEF) is known to enhance ED efficiency by reducing fouling and water splitting, while polarity reversal (PR) of current with change in flow streams has been used as self-cleaning in place (CIP) tool in conventional ED processes. The present study aims to study, for the first time, the effect of PEF and PR (without changing the solution flow streams) on membrane characteristics and fouling behavior, energy consumption, and peptide migration rate as well as selectivity during peptide fractionation by EDFM. At the same time, the study was carried-out at two different constant voltages, 20V (under-limiting current density) and 40V (over-limiting current density). The peptide migration rate was unaffected for all types of electric field at 20V while it was significantly lower with PR as compared to PEF and DC at 40V. The selectivity of Arg and Lys was maximum in PEF mode at 20V. A strong protective effect on membrane physicochemical properties was observed with PEF and PR regimes as compared to DC by reducing fouling and water dissociation at the membrane-solution interface, especially on AEM. Moreover, the relative amount of energy consumption was the lowest with PEF in relation to other two modes. Therefore, the present study demonstrated that PEF is energetically and technologically more feasible as compared to the conventional EDFM process with DC current.