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An investigation of cell growth and detachment from thermoresponsive physically crosslinked networks B Biointerfaces

Healy, Deirdre, Nash, Maria, Gorleov, Alexander, Thompson, Kerry, Dockery, Peter, Rochev, Yury
Colloids and surfaces 2017 v.159 pp. 159-165
biocompatibility, cell adhesion, cell culture, cell viability, coatings, colloids, composite polymers, crosslinking, light microscopy, temperature
The primary aim of this investigation was to determine the biocompatibility and cell culture potential of a newly designed class of thermoresponsive polymers. The attractiveness of these polymers lies in the fact that they swell rather than dissolve when the temperature is reduced below their respective lower critical solution temperature, due to the incorporation of octadecyl methacrylate (ODMA). The ODMA monomer acts as a physical crosslinker, preventing polymer dissolution upon temperature reduction. Two polymers were studied in this investigation poly(N isorpoylacrylamide (NIPAm)(99.25%)-co-ODMA(0.75%)) and poly(NIPAm(65%)-co-N-tert-butylacrylamide (NtBAm)(34.25%)-co-ODMA(0.75%)). Thin thermoresponsive films of the polymers were prepared via spin coating. 3T3 cells were then seeded on the prepared films and cell viability was assessed quantitatively through cell viability and activity assays and qualitatively by light microscopy. Cells were successfully seeded and grown on the poly(NIPAm-co-ODMA) and poly(NIPAm-co-NtBAm-co-ODMA) copolymer films after film modification with cell adhesion promoters (CAPs). Cell sheets successfully detached from the CAP coated poly(NIPAm-co-ODMA) platforms upon temperature reduction.