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Combination of dexamethasone and Avastin® by supramolecular hydrogel attenuates the inflammatory corneal neovascularization in rat alkali burn model B Biointerfaces

Huang, Jinhai, Wang, Wenwen, Yu, Jing, Yu, Xinxin, Zheng, Qianqian, Peng, Fangli, He, Zhifen, Zhao, Wenguang, Zhang, Zhaoliang, Li, Xingyi, Wang, Qinmei
Colloids and surfaces 2017 v.159 pp. 241-250
alpha-cyclodextrin, angiogenesis, aqueous solutions, biocompatibility, colloids, cornea, cytotoxicity, dexamethasone, drug therapy, graft rejection, hydrogels, inflammation, micelles, mixing, models, rats, sodium phosphate, vascular endothelial growth factors, vision
Corneal neovascularization (CNV) is one of the leading causes of vision loss and a high-risk factor for transplant rejection. The present study proposed a supramolecular hydrogel comprised of MPEG-PCL micelles and α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) for co-delivery of dexamethasone sodium phosphate (Dexp) and Avastin® (Ava), and further evaluated its therapeutic efficacy in rat alkali burn model. A physical mixing of Dexp/Ava, MPEG-PCL micelles, and α-CD aqueous solution leads to a spontaneous formation of the supramolecular hydrogel via a “host-guest” recognition between MPEG and α-CD. The supramolecular hydrogel provides a relatively quick release of Dexp over Ava during the study of the 5-day in vitro release. The results of in vitro cytotoxicity test and wound healing assay illustrated that the proposed supramolecular hydrogel was non-toxic against L-929 and HCEC cells and did not significantly affect the migration of HCEC cells after 24h incubation. The corneal distribution test suggested that the precorneal duration of Ava was significantly extended by the supramolecular hydrogel with respect to its solution formulation. Moreover, the supramolecular hydrogel showed high ocular biocompatibility and was a non-irritant after topical instillation. Furthermore, the Dexp-Ava hydrogel medication, but not by Ava solution and Ava hydrogel medication, could greatly attenuate the alkali burn-induced corneal inflammation and remarkably suppress the corneal neovascularization via the downregulation of VEGF, CD31, and α-SMA expression in the rat alkali burn model. As a result, the combined Dexp and Ava by supramolecular hydrogel exhibited an advantage over Ava monotherapy approach, which might be a promising alternative therapy for inflammatory CNV.