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Autoclaved sludge as the ideal seed to culture anammox bacteria: Reactor performance and microbial community diversity

Wang, Yu, Bu, Cui-Na, Kang, Qi, Ahmad, Hafiz Adeel, Zhang, Jian, Gao, Baoyu, Ni, Shou-Qing
Bioresource technology 2017 v.244 pp. 391-399
anaerobic ammonium oxidation, autoclaving, inoculum, microbial communities, nitrifying bacteria, nitrogen, sludge, upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor
Reducing activity of commensal bacteria in inocula may enhance anammox bacteria proliferation and realization of anammox process. Fast start-up of anammox process in an UASB reactor was successfully achieved by using autoclaved sludge (anaerobic granular sludge pretreated by autoclaving) and 0.3% active anammox sludge as inoculum. Continuous experiments indicated that R2 (autoclaved sludge addition) could shorten the start-up period from 72days to 63days. The first 50days anammox population specific growth rates (μ) of R1 (the control) and R2 were determined to be 0.014d−1 and 0.045d−1 using q-PCR assays. Analysis of coefficient of variations of nitrogen removal performance during days 96–225 indicated that R2 was more stable than R1. The Illumina MiSeq sequencing showed that autoclaving could decrease microbial diversity of sludge and enhance the abundance of anammox bacteria. Furthermore, PICRUSt community functions forecast and c-di-GMP measure illuminated the result of higher stability in R2.