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Fluorescence characteristics in the deep waters of South Gulf of México
- Schifter, I., Sánchez-Reyna, G., González-Macías, C., Salazar-Coria, L., González-Lozano, C.
- Marine pollution bulletin 2017 v.123 no.1-2 pp. 165-174
- bacteria, biomarkers, chlorophyll, ecosystems, fluorescence, oil spills, oils, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, surveys, water pollution, Gulf of Mexico, Mexico
- Vertical profiles of deep-water fluorescence determined by the chlorophyll sensor, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, biomarkers, and other miscellaneous parameters measured in the southern Gulf of Mexico are reported. In the course of the survey, unexpected deep fluorescences were recorded (>1100m depth) in half of the 40 stations studied, a novel finding in this area of the Gulf. Currently, the deep-water fluorescence phenomenon is not completely understood, however we observe linear correlation between the fluorescence intensity and chlorophyll-α concentrations and coincidence of higher number of hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria in samples collected precisely in the deep-water fluorescence. This information is particularly interesting in relation to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010, in view that the aftermaths of the spill can be observed till today as oil plumes trapped in deep water layers that may disturb the natural water ecosystem.