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Distribution of organic contamination of sediments from Ichkeul Lake and Bizerte Lagoon, Tunisia

Ben Salem, Fida, Ben Said, Olfa, Mahmoudi, Ezzeddine, Duran, Robert, Monperrus, Mathilde
Marine pollution bulletin 2017 v.123 no.1-2 pp. 329-338
HCH (pesticide), dieldrin, endrin, environmental assessment, hydrology, lakes, lindane, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, risk assessment, sediment contamination, sediments, water pollution, watersheds, Tunisia
Analyses of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and butyl tins (BuSn) were conducted on sediments from Ichkeul Lake-Bizerte Lagoon watershed (Tunisia). A total of 59 compounds (16 PAHs, 12 PCBs, 22 OCPs and 9 BuSn) were measured in 40 surface sediment samples collected during two campaigns. High concentrations of total PAHs were identified in the lagoon ranging from 122 to 19600ng·g−1. Several OCPs, including endrin, dieldrin, and lindane (Hexachlorocyclohexane or HCH or BHC) were found in high concentrations in Ichkeul Lake, ranging from 28 to 2012ngg−1. PAHs and OCPs varied seasonally, in response to the complex hydrology of the watershed. The concentrations of total PCBs ranged between 0.04 and 10.653ngg−1 and suggests low total PCBs sediment contamination, when compared to most international criteria. Total BuSn concentrations range between 67 and 526ng·g−1, which are relatively low when compared to most international criteria and ecological risk assessments. This is the first study of organic contamination in Ichkeul Lake (RAMSAR and UNESCO World Heritage site).