Main content area

Oxidative stress and immunotoxic effects of bisphenol A on the larvae of rare minnow Gobiocypris rarus

Tao, Shiyu, Zhang, Yingying, Yuan, Cong, Gao, Jiancao, Wu, Feili, Wang, Zaizhao
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 2016 v.124 pp. 377-385
Gobiocypris rarus, T-lymphocytes, aquatic environment, bisphenol A, cytokines, endocrine-disrupting chemicals, fish larvae, free radicals, gene expression, genes, hydrogen peroxide, immunosuppression, immunotoxicity, inducible nitric oxide synthase, messenger RNA, minnows, nitric oxide, oxidative stress, risk
Bisphenol A (BPA), a known endocrine disrupting chemical, is ubiquitous in the aquatic environment and can pose risk to the health of aquatic organisms. Studies on immunotoxicity of BPA in aquatic organisms are limited. In this study, rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus) larvae were exposed to 1, 225 and 1000μg/L BPA for 7 days. Inflammatory effects of BPA exposure were assessed from the increased production of nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS), the change of iNOS mRNA and other TLRs-associated immune gene expression. Our findings provide evidences that different concentrations of BPA can induce a toxic response in fish to produce reactive free radicals which can affect the function of T lymphocytes and decrease the transcription levels of cytokine genes. The excess production of H2O2, induced oxidative stress and suppressed TLR4/NF-κB signaling, leading to immunosuppressive effects in fish larvae. The present results suggest that BPA has the potential to induce oxidative stress accompanied by immunosuppression in rare minnow larvae.