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The fate of fusion Cry1Ab/1Ac proteins from Bt-transgenic rice in soil and water

Liu, Yongbo, Li, Junsheng, Luo, Zunlan, Wang, Huaru, Liu, Fang
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 2016 v.124 pp. 455-459
Bacillus thuringiensis, Oryza sativa, aquatic ecosystems, aquatic organisms, bacterial proteins, field experimentation, greenhouse experimentation, greenhouses, insecticides, nontarget organisms, rice, rice straw, root exudates, roots, soil, soil ecosystems, toxins, transgenic plants
Toxin proteins form transgenic crops entering into the environment are likely affect non-target organisms. To investigate the entry route and fate of fusion Cry1Ab/1Ac proteins from transgenic rice expressing insecticide toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) in soil and water, we conducted greenhouse and field experiments in 2013 and 2014. Cry1Ab/1Ac proteins from Bt-transgenic rice in soil was found within a horizontal range of 25cm, where most of plant roots distributed. Concentration of Cry1Ab/1Ac proteins was lower in water than in soil in the greenhouse experiment, and no Cry1Ab/1Ac protein was detected in field water. Cry1Ab/1Ac concentration from rice straws was higher in ditch water than in distilled water due to the existence of aquatic organisms in ditch water. Bt proteins from transgenic crops enter into soil ecosystems mainly through root exudates and into aquatic ecosystems through plant residues, which determines Bt fate in the environment.