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The enhancement of atrazine sorption and microbial transformation in biochars amended black soils

Author:
Yang, Fan, Zhang, Wei, Li, Jinmei, Wang, Shuyao, Tao, Yue, Wang, Yifan, Zhang, Ying
Source:
Chemosphere 2017 v.189 pp. 507-516
ISSN:
0045-6535
Subject:
adsorption, atrazine, biochar, biodegradation, metabolism, microorganisms, organic matter, pyrolysis, remediation, soil, soil amendments, soil pollution, soil sampling, temperature, wheat straw, China
Abstract:
Generally, biochar plays an important role in controlling migration and accumulation of pollutants in soil. In this dissertation, biochars derived from wheat straws at various pyrolysis temperatures are used to investigate how biochar amendment affects adsorption and microbial degradation of atrazine (typical diffuse herbicide) in soils. In order to explore the influence of soil components, soil samples with different organic matter content are collected from typical agricultural sites, which are characterized as black soils in the northeast region of China. The basic sorption characteristics of biochars from wheat straws prepared at diverse pyrolysis temperature are analyzed, along with the comparisons of the sorption difference in the raw soil and soil amended with biochars at four levels of ratio (0.1%, 0.5%, 1.0% and 2.0%). By incubation experiments, atrazine degradation in non-sterile and sterile soils and effects of atrazine degradation rate after biochar amendment are also studied. Atrazine degradation is significantly enhanced in biochar amended soils, which may be because that biochar supplement can promote the growth and metabolism of microorganisms in the soil. Our findings reveal that wheatstraw- derived biochars may be effective remediation reagents for activating degradation of the soil functional microorganism and enhancing sorption of organic matter content, which can be applied to environmental-friendly accelerate the remediation of atrazine contaminated black soils.
Agid:
5815628