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Dimethyleacetamide improves the cryosurvivability of Indian red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus murghi) sperm
- Rakha, B.A., Ansari, M.S., Akhter, S., Zafar, Z., Naseer, A., Hussain, I., Santiago-Moreno, J., Blesbois, E.
- Theriogenology 2017 v.103 pp. 83-89
- Gallus gallus, acrosome, artificial insemination, cryopreservation, eggs, glycerol, plasma membrane, semen, sperm motility, viability
- It was hypothesized that dimethyleacetamide (DMA) can be used as an alternate to glycerol for cryopreservation of Indian red jungle fowl semen. Four concentrations of DMA (4%, 6%, 8% and 10%) in extender were compared with previously optimized cryopreservation protocol based on 20% glycerol (control) for Indian red jungle fowl. Sperm motility, plasma membrane integrity, viability, and acrosome integrity were assessed at the stage of post-dilution, cooling, equilibration, and freeze-thawing. The whole experiment was repeated/replicated for five times independently. Sperm motility, plasma membrane integrity, viability and acrosome integrity were recorded highest (P < 0.05) at post-dilution, cooling, equilibration, and freeze-thawing in extender having 6% DMA compared to control and other experimental extenders. The highest (P < 0.05) recovery rates of all aforementioned parameters were also recorded in extender having 6% DMA; thus, 6% DMA was further compared with control (20% glycerol) for fertility after artificial insemination. Eggs were collected for five days after artificial insemination with semen cryopreserved in extender containing 6% DMA and control. The higher no. of fertilized eggs, fertility, no. of hatched eggs, hatch (%) and hatchability were recorded with semen cryopreserved in extender having 6% DMA compared to control. It is concluded that 6% DMA maintained higher post-thaw quality and fertility of Indian red jungle fowl semen and is a better replacement of glycerol.