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Adaptive-frequency Resonant Harmonic-Compensator structure for a 3-phase grid-connected photovoltaic system

Guerrero-Rodríguez, N.F., Rey-Boué, Alexis B.
Energy conversion and management 2014 v.87 pp. 328-337
algorithms, computer simulation, electric power, solar collectors
In this paper, an adaptive-frequency Harmonic-Compensation structure for a Voltage Source Inverter used in a 3-phase grid-connected Photovoltaic system is presented. The main purpose is to show the frequency adaptation of the used control algorithm in order to improve the compensation of the low-order utility grid current harmonics when frequency variations occur, which can be seen as an outstanding feature when comparing to conventional non-adaptive Harmonic-Compensator structures, and can be used in any country regardless its nominal frequency and maintaining its Harmonic Compensation capability without making any change in the control algorithm.The frequency spectrum of the utility grid current is analyzed for three different scenarios: Proportional Resonant Controller without Harmonic Compensation, Proportional Resonant Controller with Harmonic Compensation, and adaptive-frequency Proportional Resonant Controller with Harmonic Compensation; a comparison with the normative of its individual and total harmonic amplitude distortions is carried out for the three situations.In order to validate the algorithms, some simulations using MATLAB/SIMULINK from The MathWorks, Inc. are shown firstly, and secondly, some real-time digital simulations are carried out.