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Influence of ethanol-water solvent and ultra-high pressure on the stability of amylose-n-octanol complex

Shi, Miaomiao, Liang, Xiawei, Yan, Yizhe, Pan, Huihui, Liu, Yanqi
Food hydrocolloids 2018 v.74 pp. 315-323
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, amylose, crystal structure, ethanol, high pressure treatment, hydrocolloids, ligands, scanning electron microscopy, solvents, temperature
B-type microcrystalline starch (BM) was allowed to react with n-octanol to produce amylose-n-octanol complex. The influences of ethanol concentration, processing time, and processing temperature on the stability of the complex were studied by processing the complex with ethanol-water solvent. Furthermore, the crystal structure of the complex before and after processing was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Results indicated that the ethanol concentration had great influence on the stability of the complex. The higher the ethanol concentration, the stronger the force between amylose and ligand, and some of the ethanol may act as a ligand to form a complex with amylose. The relative crystallinity increased with temperature. The higher the temperature, the more vigorously the molecules moved, strengthening the force between starch and ligand more effectively. However, when the temperature reached 60 °C, the crystallinity of the complex began to decrease due to the dissolution effect. The crystallinity of the complex increased with processing time. Ultra-high pressure treatment affected the shape and size distribution of starch complex in 40% ethanol solvent and converted starch complex (V-type) to the amorphous structure.