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Peptides derived from in vitro gastrointestinal digestion of germinated soybean proteins inhibit human colon cancer cells proliferation and inflammation

González-Montoya, Marcela, Hernández-Ledesma, Blanca, Silván, Jose Manuel, Mora-Escobedo, Rosalva, Martínez-Villaluenga, Cristina
Food chemistry 2018 v.242 pp. 75-82
anti-inflammatory activity, beta-conglycinin, chromatography, colorectal neoplasms, cytotoxicity, digestion, functional foods, gastrointestinal system, germination, glutamine, glycinin, humans, in vitro digestion, inflammation, lipopolysaccharides, macrophages, neoplasm cells, pancreatin, pepsin, peptides, protein concentrates, soy protein, soybeans, ultrafiltration
The aim was to investigate the potential of germinated soybean proteins asa source of peptides with anticancer and anti-inflammatory activities produced after simulated gastrointestinal digestion. Protein concentrate from germinated soybean was hydrolysed with pepsin/pancreatin and fractionated by ultrafiltration. Whole digest and fractions>10, 5–10, and<5kDa caused cytotoxicity to Caco-2, HT-29, HCT-116 human colon cancer cells, and reduced inflammatory response caused by lipopolysaccharide in macrophages RAW 264.7. Antiproliferative and anti-inflammatory effects were generally higher in 5–10kDa fractions. This fraction was further purified by semi-preparative chromatography and characterised by HPLC-MS/MS. The most potent fraction was mainly composed of β-conglycinin and glycinin fragments rich in glutamine. This is the first report on the anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory effects of newly isolated and identified peptides from germinated soybean released during gastrointestinal digestion. These findings highlight the potential of germination as a process to obtain functional foods or nutraceuticals for colon cancer prevention.