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Ageing and retail display time in raw beef odour according to the degree of lipid oxidation

Resconi, Virginia C., Bueno, Mónica, Escudero, Ana, Magalhaes, Danielle, Ferreira, Vicente, Campo, M. Mar
Food chemistry 2018 v.242 pp. 288-300
beef, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, hexanoic acid, lipid peroxidation, off odors, oxygen, raw meat, shelf life, solid phase microextraction, steaks, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, volatile compounds
This study aims to assess the changes in beef aroma over time when steaks from pre-aged knuckles are stored in retail display under high oxygen conditions for 15 or 22days in vacuum conditions. Odorous volatile compounds were analysed by solid-phase microextraction/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Results were grouped as low, medium and high oxidative groups according to thiobarbituric acid reactive substances values after 9days of display. The intensity of off-odours in the raw meat increased with ageing and display time and oxidative groups. Based on correlations between the variables and regressions of the compounds through display, eight compounds were proposed as odour shelf-life markers. Among them, five were most sensitive and precise in all oxidative groups: 1-hexanol in meat aged for 15days, ethyl- octanoate and 2-pentylfuran in meat aged for 22days, and pentanoic and hexanoic acids in the two studied ageing times.