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Production of phytotherapeutics from broccoli juice by integrated membrane processes

Yilmaz, Emel, Bagci, Pelin Onsekizoglu
Food chemistry 2018 v.242 pp. 264-271
antioxidant activity, ascorbic acid, bioactive compounds, brix, broccoli juice, citric acid, distillation, malic acid, pharmaceutical industry, phytotherapy, sulforaphane, total suspended solids, ultrafiltration
An integrated membrane process for the recovery and concentration of phytotherapeutics in broccoli juice was investigated to develop a natural product that could be of interest for food and/or pharmaceutical industry. Following a pretreatment step to remove suspended solids, the juice was ultrafiltered through a 50kDa MWCO polyethersulfone membrane. The permeate stream was further concentrated by osmotic distillation up to 42.6°Brix. During ultrafiltration, a complete recovery of sulforaphane, malic acid and citric acid was achieved, where total phenolic content and ascorbic acid were recovered at a ratio of 94.5 and 92.4%, respectively. All the bioactive compounds identified in broccoli juice was well preserved during subsequent 6-fold concentration by osmotic distillation. No significant difference was observed in total antioxidant activity of the juice throughout the operation. The proposed integrated membrane process has shown promising potential to produce a natural concentrate enriched in phytotherapeutics of the broccoli juice.