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Optimization of offshore wind farm layout in restricted zones
- Hou, Peng, Hu, Weihao, Chen, Cong, Soltani, Mohsen, Chen, Zhe
- Energy 2016 v.113 pp. 487-496
- algorithms, energy, system optimization, traffic, wind farms, wind turbines
- In this research, an optimization method for offshore wind farm layout design is proposed. With the purpose of maximizing the energy production of the wind farm, the wind turbine (WT) positions are optimized. Due to the limitations of seabed conditions, marine traffic limitations or shipwrecks, etc., the WTs are expected to be placed outside specific areas. Based on this fact, a restriction zone concept is proposed in this paper and implemented with the penalty function method. In order to find a feasible solution, a recent proposed stochastic algorithm, particle swarm optimization algorithm with multiple adaptive methods (PSO-MAM) is adopted. The simulation results indicate that the proposed method can find a layout which outperforms a baseline layout of a reference wind farm (RWF) by increasing the energy yield by 3.84%.