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Kinetics and microbial community analysis for hydrogen production using raw grass inoculated with different pretreated mixed culture

Yang, Guang, Wang, Jianlong
Bioresource technology 2018 v.247 pp. 954-962
Clostridium, Enterococcus, Lolium, aeration, community structure, fermentation, gamma radiation, grasses, heat stress, hydrogen, hydrogen production, kinetics, logit analysis, microbial activity, microbial communities, mixed culture, sludge
In this study, five pretreatment methods (heat shock, acid, base, aeration and gamma radiation) were applied for enriching hydrogen producers from anaerobically digested sludge, aiming to compare their hydrogen fermentation performance using raw ryegrass as substrate. Results showed that various pretreatment methods caused great variations on grass hydrogen fermentation performance. Acid pretreatment was most efficient compared with other tested pretreatment methods, with relevant hydrogen yield of 64.4mL/g dry grass and organics removal of 31.4%. Kinetics results showed that the first-order kinetic model fitted hydrogen evolution better than the modified Gompertz model. Microbiological analysis showed that various pretreatment methods caused great variations on microbial activity and microbial community composition. Clostridium and Enterococcus were two dominant genera, while relative abundances of these two genera varied greatly for different pretreated samples. Difference in microbial activity and microbial community distribution induced by the pretreatment methods might directly cause different ryegrass fermentation performance.