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Magnetic graphitic carbon nitride anion exchanger for specific enrichment of phosphopeptides A

Zhu, Gang-Tian, He, Xiao-Mei, Chen, Xi, Hussain, Dilshad, Ding, Jun, Feng, Yu-Qi
Journal of chromatography 2016 v.1437 pp. 137-144
affinity chromatography, anion exchange chromatography, binding capacity, blood serum, brain, carbon nitride, humans, nitrogen, pH, phosphopeptides, rats, skim milk
Anion-exchange chromatography (AEX) is one of the chromatography-based methods effectively being used for phosphopeptide enrichment. However, the development of AEX materials with high specificity toward phosphopeptides is still less explored as compared to immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) or metal oxide affinity chromatography (MOAC). In this work, magnetic graphitic carbon nitride (MCN) was successfully prepared and introduced as a promising AEX candidate for phosphopeptide enrichment. Due to the extremely abundant content of nitrogen with basic functionality on the surface, this material kept excellent retention for phosphopeptides at pH as low as 1.8. Benefiting from the large binding capacity at such low pH, MCN showed remarkable specificity to capture phosphopeptides from tryptic digests of standard protein mixtures as well as nonfat milk and human serum. In addition, MCN was also applied to selective enrichment of phosphopeptides from the tryptic digests of rat brain lysate and 2576 unique phosphopeptides were successfully identified.