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Dual ultrasonic-assisted dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction coupled with microwave-assisted derivatization for simultaneous determination of 20(S)-protopanaxadiol and 20(S)-protopanaxatriol by ultra high performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry A
- Zhao, Xian-En, Lv, Tao, Zhu, Shuyun, Qu, Fei, Chen, Guang, He, Yongrui, Wei, Na, Li, Guoliang, Xia, Lian, Sun, Zhiwei, Zhang, Shijuan, You, Jinmao, Liu, Shu, Liu, Zhiqiang, Sun, Jing, Liu, Shuying
- Journal of chromatography 2016 v.1437 pp. 49-57
- derivatization, detection limit, ionization, liquid-phase microextraction, microwave treatment, monitoring, pharmacokinetics, rats, solvents, tandem mass spectrometry, toxicity, ultra-performance liquid chromatography
- This paper, for the first time, reported a speedy hyphenated technique of low toxic dual ultrasonic-assisted dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction (dual-UADLLME) coupled with microwave-assisted derivatization (MAD) for the simultaneous determination of 20(S)-protopanaxadiol (PPD) and 20(S)-protopanaxatriol (PPT). The developed method was based on ultra high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC–MS/MS) detection using multiple-reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. A mass spectrometry sensitizing reagent, 4′-carboxy-substituted rosamine (CSR) with high reaction activity and ionization efficiency was synthesized and firstly used as derivatization reagent. Parameters of dual-UADLLME, MAD and UHPLC-MS/MS conditions were all optimized in detail. Low toxic brominated solvents were used as extractant instead of traditional chlorinated solvents. Satisfactory linearity, recovery, repeatability, accuracy and precision, absence of matrix effect and extremely low limits of detection (LODs, 0.010 and 0.015ng/mL for PPD and PPT, respectively) were achieved. The main advantages were rapid, sensitive and environmentally friendly, and exhibited high selectivity, accuracy and good matrix effect results. The proposed method was successfully applied to pharmacokinetics of PPD and PPT in rat plasma.