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Preparation of composite aerogels based on sodium alginate, and its application in removal of Pb2+and Cu2+from water

Huang, Yaoge, Wang, Zhuqing
International journal of biological macromolecules 2017
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, acid treatment, adsorbents, adsorption, aqueous solutions, calcium, calcium alginate, chelation, copper, freeze drying, heavy metals, lead, metal ions, pH, scanning electron microscopy, sodium alginate, water pollution
A novel Ethylenediamine-Modified Calcium Alginate Aerogel (ECAA) was synthesized by freeze-drying method, and used to remove Pb2+ and Cu2+ from aqueous solutions. The prepared adsorbent was characterized by using the FTIR spectra, SEM analysis and XPS analysis. The effects of the pH, initial metal ion concentration, adsorption kinetics, and isotherms had been studied systematically. Moreover, the ECAA can be regenerated by simple acid treatment and used repeatedly. It is interesting to note that almost no Ca2+ can be detected after the first cycle that confirmed the adsorption process involves ion exchange.The XPS spectra analyses further indicated that Pb2+ and Cu2+ were adsorbed via the chelation of −CO-NH, −NH2 and −OH. The results from these studies indicated the aerogel is a promising adsorbent to separate and recover the heavy metal ions from contaminated water.