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Can microalgae remove pharmaceutical contaminants from water?
- Xiong, Jiu-Qiang, Kurade, Mayur B., Jeon, Byong-Hun
- Trends in biotechnology 2017
- acclimation, bioremediation, genetic engineering, microalgae, water pollution
- The increase in worldwide water contamination with numerous pharmaceutical contaminants (PCs) has become a critical environmental problem due to their considerable ecotoxicities and associated health issues. Microalgae-mediated bioremediation of PCs has recently gained scientific attention, as microalgal bioremediation is a solar-power driven, ecologically comprehensive and sustainable reclamation strategy. In this review, we comprehensively describe the current research on the possible roles and applications of microalgae for removing PCs from aqueous media. We summarize several novel approaches including constructing microbial consortia, acclimation, and co-metabolism for enhanced removal of PCs by microalgae, which would improve practical feasibility of these technologies. Some novel concepts for degrading PCs using integrated processes and genetic modifications to realize algal-based bioremediation technologies are also recommended.