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Overexpression of GhDof1 improved salt and cold tolerance and seed oil content in Gossypium hirsutum

Su, Ying, Liang, Wei, Liu, Zhengjie, Wang, Yumei, Zhao, Yanpeng, Ijaz, Babar, Hua, Jinping
Journal of plant physiology 2017 v.218 pp. 222-234
Gossypium hirsutum, cold tolerance, cold treatment, cotton, gene expression regulation, gene overexpression, genes, leaves, lipid content, messenger RNA, onions, protein content, roots, salinity, salt stress, seed oils, start codon, stems, transcription (genetics), transcription factors, transgenic plants
A homologous GhDof1, which belongs to a large family of plant-specific transcription factor DOF, was isolated from Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). GhDof1 protein was located in the nucleus of onion epidermal cells, the core domain of transcriptional activity existed in the C-terminal, and the activity elements of GhDof1 promoter existed in the regions of −645∼ −469bp and −286∼ −132bp of transcriptional start codon. GhDof1 constitutively expressed in leaves, roots and stems, accumulated highest in leaves. The salinity and cold treatments induced GhDof1 transcript accumulation. The GhDof1-overexpressed cotton showed significantly higher salt and cold tolerance over the wild-type plants. Under salt stress, the root growth of overexpressed GhDof1 lines was promoted. The expression levels of stress-responsive genes, GhP5CS, GhSOD and GhMYB, were differently up-regulated in transgenic lines. Oil contents increased in some transgenic plants, and protein contents reduced compared with transformed receptor. These results suggested that GhDof1 was a functional transcription factor for improving the abiotic tolerance and seed oil content in Upland cotton.