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Chemical composition, nutritional value and antioxidant properties of Mediterranean okra genotypes in relation to harvest stage

Petropoulos, Spyridon, Fernandes, Ângela, Barros, Lillian, Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R.
Food chemistry 2018 v.242 pp. 466-474
antioxidant activity, chemical composition, cultivars, genotype, harvesting, landraces, nutritive value, okra, pods, Greece, North America
The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of fruit size on nutritional value, chemical composition and antioxidant properties of Mediterranean okra genotypes. For this purpose, pods from four okra cultivars and local landraces commonly cultivated in Greece, as well as pods from four commercial cultivars from North America were collected at two sizes (3–5 and>7cm). Significant differences were observed between the studied genotypes for both nutritional value and chemical composition parameters. Small fruit had a higher nutritional value, whereas chemical composition differed in a genotype dependent manner with most of the studied cultivars showing better results when harvested in small size. In conclusion, fruit size has a genotype dependent impact on chemical composition and nutritional value of okra pods and the common practice of harvesting okra fruit while they still have a small size helps to increase nutritional value for most of the studied genotypes.