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Reducing the negative sensory impact of volatile phenols in red wine with different chitosans: Effect of structure on efficiency

Filipe-Ribeiro, Luís, Cosme, Fernanda, Nunes, Fernando M.
Food chemistry 2018 v.242 pp. 591-600
Dekkera, bitterness, chitosan, cinnamic acid, headspace analysis, molecular weight, phenols, red wines, yeasts
“Brett character” is a negative sensory attribute acquired by red wines when contaminating Dekkera/Brettanomyces yeasts produce 4-ethylphenol and 4-ethylguaiacol, known as volatile phenols (VPs), from cinnamic acid precursors. In this study, chitins and chitosans with different structural features, namely deacetylation degree (5–91%) and molecular weight (24–466kDa) were used for the reduction of this sensory defect. Chitins and chitosans decreased 7–26% of the headspace abundance of VPs without changing their amounts in wines. The efficiency of reduction increased with the deacetylation degree and applied dose. Reduction of headspace abundance of VPs by chitosans enabled significant decreases in the negative phenolic and bitterness attributes and increased positive fruity and floral attributes. Results show that chitosan with high deacetylation degrees, including fungal chitosan, which is already approved for use in wines, is an efficient approach for reducing the negative sensory impact of VPs in red wines.