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Model for Listeria monocytogenes inactivation by high hydrostatic pressure processing in Spanish chorizo sausage

Rubio, Begoña, Possas, Arícia, Rincón, Francisco, García-Gímeno, Rosa María, Martínez, Beatríz
Food microbiology 2018 v.69 pp. 18-24
Listeria monocytogenes, chorizo, food industry, food safety, high pressure treatment, models, pathogens, prediction, protective effect, response surface methodology
A central composite design was implemented to study the effect of three factors on HHP-induced L. monocytogenes inactivation in Spanish chorizo sausage, in order to increase its effectiveness: product aw (0.79–0.92), pressure intensities (349–600 MPa, at 18 °C) and holding time (0–12.53 min). Response surface methodology was implemented with backward stepwise regression to generate a model that best fitted to the experimental data. All the three factors studied significantly influenced HHP inactivation of L. monocytogenes (p < 0.05). Pathogen reductions increased as the pressure and duration of HHP treatments rose. Low values of aw seemed to exert a protective effect on L. monocytogenes and pressures below 400 MPa did not lead to significant pathogen reductions. The model was validated with independent published data. Accuracy and bias factors were also determined to evaluate the performance of the developed model, which was considered acceptable for prediction purposes. The model generated represents a mathematical tool that will help food manufacturers to improve the efficacy of HHP processing of chorizo sausage and observe the regulatory authority’s specifications regarding L. monocytogenes levels while maintaining food safety.