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A halotolerant Enterobacter sp. displaying ACC deaminase activity promotes rice seedling growth under salt stress
- Sarkar, Anumita, Ghosh, Pallab Kumar, Pramanik, Krishnendu, Mitra, Soumik, Soren, Tithi, Pandey, Sanjeev, Mondal, Monohar Hossain, Maiti, Tushar Kanti
- Research in microbiology 2017
- 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase, Enterobacter, agricultural productivity, antioxidants, bacteria, ethylene, ethylene production, hydrogen cyanide, indole acetic acid, matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization mass spectrometry, mutants, nitrogen, nucleotide sequences, paddies, phenotype, phosphates, ribosomal DNA, rice, salt stress, salt tolerance, seedling growth, siderophores, solubilization
- Agricultural productivity is proven to be hampered by the synthesis of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and production of stress-induced ethylene under salinity stress. One-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) is the direct precursor of ethylene synthesized by plants. Bacteria possessing ACC deaminase activity can use ACC as a nitrogen source preventing ethylene production. Several salt-tolerant bacterial strains displaying ACC deaminase activity were isolated from rice fields, and their plant growth-promoting (PGP) properties were determined. Among them, strain P23, identified as an Enterobacter sp. based on phenotypic characteristics, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry data and the 16S rDNA sequence, was selected as the best-performing isolate for several PGP traits, including phosphate solubilization, IAA production, siderophore production, HCN production, etc. Enterobacter sp. P23 was shown to promote rice seedling growth under salt stress, and this effect was correlated with a decrease in antioxidant enzymes and stress-induced ethylene. Isolation of an acdS mutant strain enabled concluding that the reduction in stress-induced ethylene content after inoculation of strain P23 was linked to ACC deaminase activity.