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Carbohydrate-binding module assisted purification and immobilization of β-glucosidase onto cellulose and application in hydrolysis of soybean isoflavone glycosides
- Chang, Fei, Xue, Saisai, Xie, Xiaqing, Fang, Wei, Fang, Zemin, Xiao, Yazhong
- Journal of bioscience and bioengineering 2017
- Escherichia coli, adsorption, ambient temperature, beta-glucosidase, carbohydrate binding, cellulose, daidzein, daidzin, ethanol, genistein, glycosides, hydrolysis, inhibitory concentration 50, proteins, soybeans
- Complicated purification steps, together with the fact that β-glucosidase has to be tolerant to ethanol restricts the application of β-glucosidase in isoflavone aglycone hydrolyzing process. β-Glucosidase Bgl1A(A24S/F297Y) is a promising enzyme in hydrolyzing isoflavones. In this work, six different carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs), which were from 3 families, were fused to the C-terminal of Bgl1A(A24S/F297Y), respectively, to simplify the enzyme preparation process. The fusion proteins were expressed in Escherichia coli and adsorbed onto cellulose. The Bgl-CBM24 was found to have the highest immobilization efficiency at room temperature within 1 h adsorption. Notably, one-gram cellulose absorbs up to 254.9±5.7 U of Bgl-CBM24. Interestingly, the immobilized Bgl-CBM24 showed improved ethanol tolerance ability, with the IC50 of 35% (v/v) ethanol. Bgl-CBM24 effectively hydrolyze soybean isoflavone glycosides. The hydrolysis rate of daidzin and gemistin was 85.22±3.24% and 82.14±3.82% within 10 min, with the concentrations of daidzein and genistein increased by 6.36±0.18 mM and 3.98±0.22 mM, respectively. In the repetitive hydrolytic cycles, the concentrations of daidzein and genistein still increased by 3.07±0.24 mM and 1.94±0.34 mM in the fourth cycle with 20% (v/v) ethanol. These results suggest that the immobilized Bgl-CBM24 has excellent potential in the preparation of isoflavone aglycones.