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Structural proteomics: Topology and relative accessibility of plant lipid droplet associated proteins

Jolivet, Pascale, Aymé, Laure, Giuliani, Alexandre, Wien, Frank, Chardot, Thierry, Gohon, Yann
Journal of proteomics 2017 v.169 pp. 87-98
Arabidopsis thaliana, X-radiation, biofuels, coatings, droplets, hydrophobicity, hydroxyl radicals, lipids, lubricants, mass spectrometry, oils, oleosin, organelles, plasticizers, proteomics, seeds, solvents, topology
Lipid droplets are the major stock of lipids in oleaginous plant seeds. Despite their economic importance for oil production and biotechnological issues (biofuels, lubricants and plasticizers), numerous questions about their formation, structure and regulation are still unresolved. To determine water accessible domains of protein coating at lipid droplets surface, a structural proteomic approach has been performed. This technique relies on the millisecond timescale production of hydroxyl radicals by the radiolysis of water using Synchrotron X-ray white beam. Thanks to the evolution of mass spectrometry analysis techniques this approach allows the creation of a map of the solvent accessibility for proteins difficult to study by other means. Using these results, a S3 oleosin water accessibility map is proposed. This is the first time that such a map on an oleosin co-purified with plant lipid droplets and other associated protein is presented.Lipid droplet associated proteins function is linked to stability, structure and probably formation and lipid mobilization of droplets. Structure of these proteins in their native environment, at the interface between bulk water and the lipidic core of these organelles is only based on hydrophobicity plot. Using hydroxyl radical footprinting and proteomics approaches we studied water accessibility of one major protein in these droplets: S3 oleosin of Arabidopsis thaliana seeds.