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Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion in a Mini-Breed Puppy Associated With Aspiration Pneumonia

Martínez, Rocío, Torrente, Carlos
Topics in companion animal medicine 2017 v.32 no.4 pp. 146-150
X-radiation, acidosis, antibiotics, atomization, blood, body water, breathing, deworming, distress, diuretics, excretion, hormone secretion, hyponatremia, males, medicine, patients, pets, pneumonia, puppies, radiography, renal tubules, resorption, sodium, sodium chloride, urine, vasopressin
A 3-month-old intact male Prague ratter was presented to the emergency service for evaluation of progressive lethargy, weakness, coughing and labour breathing after an episode of resistance to oral deworming. The patient exhibited depression, increased respiratory effort and cyanosis at initial presentation. Results of first diagnostic work-up (complete blood cell count, biochemistry panel and thoracic x-rays) were all consistent with aspiration pneumonia. The puppy was initially treated with balanced isotonic crystalloids, broad spectrum antibiotics, nebulization with thoracic coupage and was transferred to an infant incubator with a sustained FiO2 of 40-50%. Twenty-four hours after ICU admission the patient’s condition suffered a worsening and the dog was orthopneic, severely depressed with episodes of intermittent dysphoria and seizuring. New thoracic radiographs and several samples of blood and urine were collected to go further in the diagnostic workup revealing severe hyponatremia, severe plasma hypotonicity, high natriuresis and metabolic acidosis with a worsening of the radiological pulmonary pattern. Based on these new clinical findings a diagnosis of SIADH was established. Emergency treatment with hypertonic 3% saline solution and loop diuretics was started like a sodium supplement and to inhibit water resorption in renal tubules, thus reducing the volume overload. The goal of this treatment was to achieve a progressive and controlled increase of plasma sodium concentration and promoting the excretion of positive body water imbalance. The patient’s condition improved clinically over the following days, treatment was progressively discontinued and the dog was discharged 7 days after admission.To the author’s knowledge this is the first report of a puppy younger than 12 weeks with respiratory distress developing SIADH associated to aspiration pneumonia.