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Ecological quality status of the Adriatic coastal waters evaluated by the organotin pollution biomonitoring

Erdelez, A., Furdek Turk, M., Štambuk, A., Župan, I., Peharda, M.
Marine pollution bulletin 2017 v.123 no.1-2 pp. 313-323
Hexaplex trunculus, antifouling agents, coastal water, coasts, environmental monitoring, marine environment, sediments, sex differentiation disorders, tributyltin, water pollution
The aim of this study was to evaluate the post-legislation change in tributyltin (TBT) pollution at Croatian Adriatic coast. Gastropod Hexaplex trunculus and sediments were collected, nearly 10years after TBT based antifouling paints were banned, at 12 locations along the coast where a previous study was conducted in 2005. The study showed a decline of TBT levels over the investigated period, although all gastropods populations were highly affected by imposex meaning that prohibition did not result in the recovery of populations. The further aim was to propose the Ecological Quality Ratio (EQR) boundaries for potential use of H. trunculus as a principal bioindicator in the assessment of the ecological status of the Mediterranean regarding TBT pollution, under the Water Framework Directive (WFD). According to the proposed EQR classes, the WFD target for achieving the Good ecological status of the marine environment by 2015 was not reached.