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Assessing the seawater quality of a coastal city using fecal indicators and environmental variables (eastern Aegean Sea)

Kacar, Asli, Omuzbuken, Burcu
Marine pollution bulletin 2017 v.123 no.1-2 pp. 400-403
Streptococcus, cities, coliform bacteria, environmental factors, microfiltration, monitoring, physicochemical properties, sea transportation, seawater, water pollution, Aegean Sea
The presence of fecal bacteria in seawater is one of the most important bio-indicator parameters of fecal pollution. In this study, the Bay of İzmir (in the eastern Aegean Sea), which is a critical area because of its relationship with marine transportation and industrial and commercial activities, was evaluated for its microbiological and physicochemical parameters through a monitoring program. The data were obtained from seasonally assembled surface seawater samples from 2015 to 2017 at 23 sampling stations. Bacteriological investigations were performed by membrane filtration technique. During the monitoring period, for stations at the inner and middle-outer part, it was found that the inner part is exposed to more number of fecal coliforms (8.8×102cfu/100mL) and fecal streptococci (1.1×103cfu/100mL). The monitoring analysis performed in this study showed that there was negative correlation between physicochemical parameters and the level of fecal bacteria, but no significance was recorded by the Pearson correlation test. Fecal contamination parameters should be routinely monitored for improving the environmental conditions of coastal cities.