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Adsorptive removal of cationic methylene blue dye using carboxymethyl cellulose/k-carrageenan/activated montmorillonite composite beads: Isotherm and kinetic studies

Liu, Chao, Omer, A.M., Ouyang, Xiao–kun
International journal of biological macromolecules 2017
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, adsorbents, adsorption, agitation, aqueous solutions, carboxymethylcellulose, methylene blue, models, montmorillonite, pH, scanning electron microscopy, sorption isotherms, temperature, thermal properties
In the present study, new composite beads based on carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC)/k-carrageenan (kC)/activated montmorillonite (AMMT) were prepared for adsorptive removal of cationic methylene blue (MB) as a dye model. The structure and morphology of the composite beads were investigated by FT-IR and SEM, while the thermal properties were tested using TGA. Factors affecting the removal percent of MB such as CMC/kC/AMMT ratios, initial MB concentration, pH medium, adsorbent dosage, solution temperature, and agitation speed were also explored. Results demonstrated that MB removal (%) exceeded 92% after 120 min using CMC/kC/AMMT (1:1:0.4 ratio) compared to 69% in case of free AMMT beads. Moreover, data obtained from isotherm studies were fitted well to Langmuir model (R2=0.999), and the kinetics of adsorption followed pseudo-second order model. Finally, the composite beads showed good reusability for MB dye removal with high efficiency. Results obtained from this study suggest that the prepared composite beads could be applied effectively for removing cationic dyes from aqueous solutions.