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Characteristics of heavy metal transfer and their influencing factors in different soil–crop systems of the industrialization region, China

Chen, Hongyan, Yuan, Xuyin, Li, Tianyuan, Hu, Sun, Ji, Junfeng, Wang, Cheng
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 2016 v.126 pp. 193-201
Brassica napus, Oryza sativa, Triticum, agricultural land, aluminum oxide, bioaccumulation, cadmium, canola, copper, crops, heavy metals, industrialization, lead, mercury, organic matter, regression analysis, rice, risk, river deltas, roots, soil pH, wheat, zinc, China, Yangtze River
Soil heavy metals and their bioaccumulation in agricultural products have attracted widespread concerns, yet the transfer and accumulation characteristics of heavy metals in different soil–crop systems was rarely investigated. Soil and crop samples were collected from the typical agricultural areas in the Yangtze River Delta region, China. The concentrations of Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd and Hg in the soils, roots and grains of rice (Oryza Sativa L.), wheat (Triticum L.) and canola (Brassica napus L.) were determined in this study. Transfer ability of heavy metals in soil-rice system was stronger than those in soil-wheat and soil-canola systems. The wheat showed a strong capacity to transfer Zn, Cu and Cd from root to the grain while canola presented a restricting effect to the intake of Cu and Cd. Soil pH and total organic matter were major factors influencing metal transfer from soil to rice, whereas soil Al2O3 contents presented a negative effect on heavy metal mobility in wheat and canola cultivation systems. The concentration of Zn and Cd in crop grains could well predicted according to the stepwise multiple linear regression models, which could help to quantitatively evaluate the ecologic risk of heavy metal accumulation in crops in the study area.