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Metabolic syndrome in breast cancer survivors with high carbohydrate consumption: The first report in community setting

Park, Boyoung, Kong, Sun-Young, Lee, Eun Kyung, Lee, Moo Hyun, Lee, Eun Sook
Clinical nutrition 2017 v.36 pp. 1372-1377
body mass index, breast neoplasms, carbohydrate intake, carbohydrates, community health, educational status, energy intake, exercise, females, lifestyle, metabolic syndrome, odds ratio, risk, urban areas, Korean Peninsula
This study was conducted to examine the prevalence of and lifestyle factors associated with the metabolic syndrome in breast cancer survivors and to compare those factors with controls without cancer in a community setting.This study included 584 female breast cancer survivors ≥3 years after the initial diagnosis and 2336 age-matched cancer-free female controls from 39 community health examination centers located in 14 urban areas in Korea. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is shown. Factors associated with the metabolic syndrome were analyzed as odds ratios (ORs) in cancer survivors and controls; differences between the two groups in the ORs of associated factors were evaluated by calculating p-heterogeneity values.The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in breast cancer survivors and age-matched controls were 26.8% and 26.9%, respectively. Higher percentage of caloric intake from carbohydrates was associated with increased metabolic syndrome only in the breast cancer survivors (OR for the highest vs. lowest quartile for survivors = 2.48 [95% CI = 1.20–5.14]; OR for controls = 1.11 [95% CI = 0.81–1.51]; P-heterogeneity = 0.046). Sweat-inducing exercise for ≥150 min/week was associated with a lower risk of metabolic syndrome only in controls (controls: OR = 0.72 [95% CI = 0.58–0.89]; survivors: OR = 0.88 [95% CI = 0.57–1.36]). Older age, higher body mass index, and a lower education level (≤12 years) was associated with an increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome in both groups.Our results suggest that, in regions with excess carbohydrate intake, the association of the metabolic syndrome with percentage of caloric intake from carbohydrate might be more prominent than exercise in breast cancer survivors, compared with general population.