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Application of porous membrane-protected chitosan microspheres to determine benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes and styrene in water A

Naing, Nyi Nyi, Li, Sam Fong Yau, Lee, Hian Kee
Journal of chromatography 2016 v.1448 pp. 42-48
benzene, chitosan, correlation, cost effectiveness, crosslinking, ethylbenzene, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, glutaraldehyde, polypropylenes, solvents, sorbents, styrene, toluene, xylene
Chitosan (CS) microspheres were synthesized by the precipitation method and cross-linked with glutaraldehyde. The cross-linked CS microspheres (20mg) were used as sorbents for the micro-solid phase extraction (μ-SPE) of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes and styrene (BTEX-S) from water. The μ-SPE device consisted of a sealed polypropylene envelope housing the microspheres for the evaluation of the extraction efficiency. Analysis was by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC–MS). Under the optimized conditions, the method provided linearity range of between 0.5 and 50μgL−1 with good correlation coefficients of between 0.985 and 0.998. The relative standard deviations of μ-SPE coupled with GC–MS were found to be between 2 and 3%. Method detection limits for BTEX-S were in the range of between 0.01 and 0.04μgL−1 while the relative recoveries were in the range of between 59 and 97%. The proposed method is a cost effective, fast and environmentally friendly extraction technique with ease of operation and minimal usage of organic solvent.